Copyright @ The London Foot Clinic 2015

Gait Analysis


The London Foot Clinic utilises video gait analysis with specialist software designed to achieve the most accurate diagnosis of the way we walk and run.

The major focus of gait analysis is to measure the degree of pronation.

Pronation is the natural inward roll of the foot as the outside part of the heel strikes the ground. This roll acts as a shock absorber for the leg and body, optimally distributing the force of the impact of the heel hitting the ground.

  • Overpronation is when the feet roll inward too much
  • Underpronation (or supination) is where the feet don’t roll inward enough.

Gait analysis matches the degree of pronation with the correct shoe type, with the aims of counter-balancing over or underpronation, helping reduce the risk of injury and improving running efficiency.


It involves running or walking for a few minutes on a treadmill while a video is made of the runner’s feet. This footage is then slowed down and analysed in detail by a podiatrist who will explain the findings.

As well as helping runners to find the right orthotic through assessing the moment of the foot, video gait analysis also looks at the leg and body’s movement and efficiency to see if the analysis can help the runner further. By slowing the video down and viewing the different running stages in detail, podiatrists can help identify certain movements which may be triggering injuries or affecting running efficiency.


The most advanced version of video gait analysis is 3D foot mapping, which, in addition to video, uses both lasers and micro cameras to create a highly detailed 3D image of the foot. A range of information obtained from the scan, such as arch height and the alignment of the Achilles with the leg, is assessed to source the perfect orthotic and could even help runners get to the root of any recurrent injuries.


Orthotics are specialist Insoles devices that provide structure support to improve foot posture.

The manufacture of bespoke devices is a highly technical process involving an accurate assessment by a Podiatrist who specialises in biomechanics and gait analysis. The podiatrist must also understand the theory of tissue stress injury and principles of reducing this through improving human gait.

At the London Foot Clinic you can expect the manufacture of high quality orthotics after an accurate and firm diagnosis and investigation process which involves a comprehensive biomechanical and gait assessment.

The types of orthotics depend very much on your lifestyle and goals:

General Orthotics: For every day shoes and walking activity provide adequate structural support and comfort and fit in most shoe devices. Manufactured from light weight materials such as carbon fibre.

Dress Orthotics: Specifically designed for fashion shoes such as loafers, ballet pumps, low healed dress/court shoes. They are slim and low profile yet provide structural support.

Sports Orthotics: Whilst general sports orthotics exist. These generally are manufactured from materials that allow shock absorption. A variety of sports orthotics are modified for football, tennis, basketball/netball, running and even golf.

Diabetic Orthotics: These orthotics are proven to prevent ulcers by reducing shearing stresses. Specialist memory foam material have good evidence in prevention of pre ulcerative stages and ultimately limb salvage.

Ankle Foot Orthoses: Devices such as Richie braces are used for severe ankle and foot deformities and tendon ruptures. They also help in foot drop caused by a variety of neurological disorders.

Children’s (Paediatric) Orthoses: Whilst it may be normal for some children to have flat feet but severe paediatric flat foot is best treated early. Paediatric orthotics can also help with in-toeing, habitual tip toeing as well as collapsed arches.

Please book a gait assessment with one of our highly experienced Gait Analysis Specialist for complete assessment and advice.